Climate-Smart Conservation: Putting Adaptation Principles into Practice

Addressing the growing threats brought about or accentuated by rapid climate change requires a fundamental shift in the practice of natural resource management and conservation. This guide provides practical and straightforward advice on climate change adaptation planning, from identifying key management issues to developing and implementing sound adaptation actions, to monitoring the results.

Traditionally, conservationists have focused their efforts on protecting and managing systems to maintain their current state, or to restore degraded systems back to a historical state regarded as more desirable. Conservation planners and practitioners will need to adopt forward-looking goals and implement strategies specifically designed to prepare for and adjust to current and future climatic changes, and the associated impacts on natural systems and human communities—an emerging discipline known as climate change adaptation.